Rifle Ammo Sizes, Rifle Ammo
There are plenty of people that prefer rifles over other types of firearms because of their combination of long-range accuracy and knockdown power.
Rifles are one of the most versatile firearms on the market. They can be used for target shooting, shooting competitions, home defense, tactical situations, and hunting large game or small game.
The type and brand of rifle caliber and rifle cartridges play a major role in the effectiveness of the rifle used.
As a result, rifle ammo -and rifle ammo sizes can be as varied as the firearms are versatile.
Popular Types of Rifle Ammo
One of the most popular types of rifle ammunition, .22 LR (Long Rifle) ammo is a low-recoiling round that is used for both pistols and rifles. Because the firing pin hits the rim of the case rather than the center, this is considered a rimfire cartridge. This type of ammo is typically used for hunting small game, target shooting, and self-defense.
The .22 LR caliber bullet has a weight of 30-40 grains, travels at a velocity of 1,200-1,600 feet per second, and has 140-160 joules of energy.
Even lighter than .22 LR ammo, .17 HMR (Hornady Magnum Rimfire) was just developed in 2002. It has a rather flat shooting trajectory, which makes it ideal for the sport of precision shooting and it has enough downrange energy for small-game hunting.
Our .17 HMR ammo has a bullet weight of 17-20 grains, travels at a velocity of 2,350-2,650 feet per second, and has 330 joules of energy.
The .300 BLK (AAC Blackout) rounds are even newer than .17 HMR, as they were approved by the SAAMI (Sporting Arms and Ammunition Manufacturer’s Institute) in 2011. It was designed to put .30 bullets inside of AR-platform firearms that would normally only take .22 cartridges.
The .300 BLK rounds have a bullet weight of 125 grams, travel at a velocity of 2,200 feet per second, and have 1,360 joules of energy.
Originally, 7.62x39mm ammo was designed during World War II by the Russians for use in the AK-47 and SKS rifles. However, they can also be used in certain bolt-action and semi-automatic rifles. These popular rounds, which have moderate recoil and range but a high level of knockdown power, are often used for hunting game and for self-defense.
The 7.26x39mm rounds have a bullet weight of 123 grains, a velocity of 2,400 feet per second, and have 2,180 joules of energy.
Designed in just 2017, the .224 Valkyrie is a .22 rimless cartridge that’s suitable for hunting small and medium-sized game, long-range shooting, competition shooting, and target shooting. The .224 Valkyrie rounds have a bullet weight of 60-90 grains, travel at a velocity of 2,600-3,500 feet per second, and have 2,000 joules of energy.
One of the most popular cartridges for rifle owners is the .223 Remington, a high-velocity round that comes in 55 grain weights and full metal jackets when used by the military. The bullet weights for these rounds is 36-77 grains, while they travel at a velocity of 2,750-3,750 feet per second and have 1,300-1,764 joules of energy.
5.56x45mm NATO rounds are very similar to .223 Remington rounds because they have the same size but the former packs a more powerful punch. These cartridges are considered to be extremely accurate and soft shooters. 5.56x45mm NATO ammo is used to kill small to medium-sized game.
The 5.56x45mm NATO rounds have a bullet weight of 55-77 grains, travel at a velocity of 3,100 feet per second, and have 1,770 joules of energy.
Popular because of its mid-range precision and flat shooting trajectory, .243 Winchester rounds are designed for varmint hunting and target shooting. The bullet weight for these cartridges is 58-105 grains, while they travel at a velocity of 3,000-4,000 feet per second, and have an energy of 2,700 joules.
.30-30 Winchester ammo is a well-known centerfire cartridge, having been around for 125 years. Typically found in lever-action rifles, it has plenty of knockdown power and is popular for deer hunting. These bullets weigh 110-170 grains, travel at a velocity of 2,400 feet per second, and have 2,400 joules of energy.
Also popular for deer hunting, the .270 Winchester is a necked-down version of the .30-30 Winchester. It has a flat shooting trajectory and significant power. These rounds have a bullet weight of 90-150 grains, travel at a velocity of 3,000 feet per second, and have 3,500 joules of energy.
6.5 Creedmoor rounds were designed in 2007, these subsonic rounds are favored for their long-distance precision and lack of recoil. They’re used for both long-range hunting and military applications. These cartridges weigh 120-140 grains, travel at a velocity of 2,700-3,000 feet per second, and have 3,000 joules of energy.
.338 Lapua Magnum rounds are popular for those who use sniper rifles because of their accuracy at long distances. These cartridges have a bullet weight of 200-300 grains, travel at a velocity of 2,800-3,400 feet per second, and have 5,000 joules of energy.
Other Types of Rifle Ammo
FN 5.7x28mm high-velocity ammo is useful for personal defense. The only rifle that chambers this ammo is the FN P90 rifle. It has a bullet weight of 40 grains, a velocity of 2,300 feet per second, and 500 joules of energy.
.30 Carbine rounds are one of the older ammo types. Developed by Winchester Repeating Arms, was used in World War II and the Korean War. However, civilians still use this low-recoil cartridge for hunting game.
The .30 Carbine rounds have a bullet weight of 110 grams, a velocity of 2,000 feet per second, and 1,300 joules of energy.
.30-06 Springfield cartridges were used by the U.S. military in 1906 but, even after being replaced, they remain popular. These rounds have been used in bolt action rifles and because of their knockdown power and range, they’re largely used for hunting.
These rounds have a bullet weight of 150-200 grains, travel at a velocity of 2,500-2,900 feet per second, and have 2,800-3,000 joules of energy.
Manufactured by Russians in 1891, the 7.62x54mmR is a powerful rimmed cartridge used for the SKS and AK rifles. The bullet weight for these rounds is 150-181 grains, they travel at a velocity of 2,500-2,800 feet per second, and have 3,600 joules of energy.
6.8 Remington SPC (Special Purpose Cartridge) rounds have been considered for use by the U.S. military but because they’re seen as only marginally better than 5.6x45mm NATO rounds, they have not been officially adopted by them. The 6.8 SPC was designed to be a long-range cartridge.
These rounds have a bullet weight of 85-120 grains, travel at a velocity of 2,500 feet per second, and have 2,000 joules of energy.
The largest bullet size you’ll find for a rifle cartridge is .50 BMG (Browning Machine Gun), used for both a bolt-action sniper rifle and machine guns. Offered by IFA Tactical, they are extremely powerful and can travel a very long range.
.50 BMG cartridges have a bullet weight of 647-800 grains, travel at a velocity of 2,800-3,000 feet per second, and have 18,000 joules of energy.
Types of Rifles
If you’re a civilian, there are four types of rifles that are commonly used: semi-automatic rifles, bolt action rifles, pump action rifles, and lever action rifles. The difference between these rifles goes beyond the breeching mechanism they use, and extends to their firing rate, firepower, and optimal shooting range.
Semi-automatic rifles are firearms with a mechanism that automatically loads a cartridge into a chamber after one is used. You have to manually pull the trigger to fire it.
Bolt action rifles are precision rifles where cartridges are extracted and ejected using a bolt handle. These rifles will be the slowest to load a fresh cartridge into but are arguably one of the most powerful.
Pump action rifles have fore-ends that can move backward and forward in order to eject a spent round of ammunition and chamber a fresh one. The cycling time for these types of rifles is considered to be short.
Lever action rifles have a lever that’s located near the trigger guard (which may include the trigger guard itself) that allows you to load the chamber with a fresh cartridge.
Rifles are one of the most popular types of firearms because they’re versatile and fun to shoot. However, one of the most important factors for rifle owners isn’t just the gun, it’s what kind of rifle ammo you have. Caliber sizes are a significant factor in determining what ammo is best, as the greater the caliber, the greater the bullet diameter and knockdown power.
IFA Tactical has a wide selection of rifle ammunition to offer for every type of rifle and every type of activity. Located in Sterling Heights, MI, IFA Tactical can be reached by phone at (586) 275-2176.